Calculator and computer pioneer dies at 81
Home computing pioneer Clive Sinclair, the pocket calculator trailblazer and the brains behind the Spectrum PCs, has died aged 81.
His daughter Belinda Sinclair told the Guardian he died at his home in London on Thursday morning.
Sinclair launched the first affordable consumer computer in 1980, costing less than Stg 100.
The British multimillionaire entrepreneur's company launched the ZX models in a decade where personal computer use boomed.
Sinclair became the first company in the world to sell more than a million computers.
His daughter told the BBC her father had cancer for more than a decade and was still working on inventions until last week "because that was what he loved doing".
Sinclair was born in 1940. His father was an engineer and designer of machine tools.
Sinclair left school at the age of 17, becoming a technical journalist writing specialist manuals.
At 22, he formed Sinclair Radionics, his first company, making mail order radio kits, including the smallest transistor radio in the world.
Later in life he pioneered the pocket calculator and was dubbed an "electronics wizard", but had tough competition from Japan and the US in the fast-moving consumer markets.
Other ventures included expansions into digital watches and the development of the world's smallest television set.
It was with another company, Sinclair Research, that Sinclair found his home computing successes as he faced off against international competition.
The ZX 81 computer launched in 1981 sold half a million and was followed up by more powerful models.
Sinclair was knighted in 1983. He had three children.
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